EV Charging Options

Electric Vehicles Supply Equipment (EVSE) is the equipment used to charge a plug-in electric vehicle (EV) with electricity. There are three main types of EVSE, Level 1, Level 2, and DC fast charging (DCFC). The chart below will display the differences between the three types. 

Level 1 Chargers: L1 chargers use an alternating current and are mainly used for residential or workplace charging due to their long charge times. Nearly every EV comes with a traditional three-pronged plug for an outlet with a J1772 standard connector plug for insertion into the vehicle.  

Level 2 Chargers: L2 chargers also use an alternating current, but at a higher amperage and voltage, resulting in a decent improvement in charge time. L2 chargers can be used for residential and workplace charging but require a larger investment in infrastructure. L2 chargers cannot be connected to a traditional wall outlet and must have hard-wired charging equipment. L2 chargers have become commonplace for public charging and also use a J1772 connector plug.

DC-fast charging (DCFC): DC faster chargers use a direct current allowing them to deliver a significant increase of amperage and voltage. DCFC operates on the North American CCS combo standard and many still offer the CHAdeMO or Tesla connections. DC chargers are able to charge 60 – 300 miles of range per 20 minutes, making it timely charging along heavy traffic corridors and heavy-duty fleet use.

Charger Current Type Voltage (V) Charging Time Power Primary Use Connector
Level 1 Alternating Current (AC)​ 120V​ 2-5 miles of range per hour of charging​ 1.3-1.9 kiloWatts Residential​
Level 2 AC​ 240V​ 10-80 miles of range per hour of charging​ 3-19.2 kiloWatts Residential​/
Commercial​
DC Fast Direct Current (DC)​ 480V​ 60-1000 miles of range per 20 minutes of charging​ 50-350 kiloWatts Commercial​
Wireless AC​ 240V​ 10-20 miles of range per hour of charging​ 3.3-7.2 kiloWatts Residential/​Commercial​

Find a charger near you, or plan a trip using the Alternative Fueling Station Locator!

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Check out PlugShare – An interactive EV station locator

PlugShare is a LIVE electric vehicle station locator meant for everyday users. PlugShare allows users to see what stations are currently being used, under repair, and look like! PlugShare’s interactive nature makes it exceptionally useful for EV drivers to plan together and charge together. We encourage everyone to check out PlugShare and its unique features when looking for your next charge!


EV Charger Incentives!

There are a number of incentives to support the installation of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) in Virginia. Municipalities, property managers, and other infrastructure interests can explore them to ensure they are ready to support this growing market segment. Here is a sample list to help you get started.

  • Blink Charging plans to install 200 networked 19.2 kWh L2 Chargers in Virginia, DC, Maryland, and West Virginia as a part a three-year ecosystem program.  Each charger is capable of providing 19.2 kwh or about 65 miles of charge per hour. The chargers accommodate all EVs.  Learn more at www.blinkcharging.com and contact Andrew Hillman Ashillman@BlinkCharging.com Or Cell: (805) 825-9415 for more information.
  • Greenspot is installing 24 e-Mobility hubs consisting of 6 L2 chargers in Virginia, DC, Maryland, and West Virginia as a part a three-year ecosystem program. Greenspot will install an initial set of 24 e-Mobility hubs which includes 72 dual chargers and a total of 144 EV ports. Visit www.joingreenspot.com or contact yaron@joingreenspot.com or meet at calendly.com/greenspot-yaron
  • For all laws and incentives in Virginia visit this page on our website (updated daily)
  • Procurement Contracts Exist. For Virginia municipalities and other government entities, check here or Virginia Clean Cities can help to determine if your EVSE procurement could be included in existing state or rideable contracts.

Virginia Clean Cities helps stakeholders to take advantage of these and other incentives. Interested parties are encouraged to fill out this form with interest about charging, and we will get back to you. We also work with individual EV drivers to help ensure they have the resources they need. Please reach out to us if we can help you in any way!


Virginia Electric Vehicle Dealerships

All dealerships listed are selling Hybrid-Electric and or All-Electric vehicles! If you know of a dealership that isn’t listed and is in the EV game, email Virginia Clean Cities Coordinator John Maiorana (jmaiorana@vacleancities.org).